June 08, 2020 – DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

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1# Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurated CAT Bench at Jammu

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER),  Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated the 18th Bench of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) for the Union Territories (UTs) of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh through a Video Conference on 8 June. 

Highlights:
♦ The setting up of CAT Bench of Jammu will deal exclusively with service matters of government employees.
♦ It will reduce the burden of various Courts and will also provide to the persons covered by the Administrative Tribunals speedy relief in respect of their grievances and service matters. 
♦ All the 3 important agencies of DoPT namely Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT), Central Information Commission (CIC), and Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) are now operational in UTs of J&k and Ladakh.
♦ CIC is currently hearing the Right to Information (RTI) Act applications of applicants from the UTs of J&K and Ladakh.


2# IAF inducts Indigenous Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated Transportation

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has designed developed and inducted an Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated Transportation (ARPIT). This pod will be utilized for the evacuation of critical patients with infectious diseases including the COVID-19 from high altitude areas, isolated and remote places.

Highlight:
♦ The first prototype was developed at 3 BRD AF.
♦ ARPIT has undergone various modifications. 
♦ The prototype is in line with Atmanirbhar Bharat and hence only indigenous materials have been used to fabricate this pod. 
♦ The cost of ARPIT is Rs.60,000 only, which is very less as compared to the imported systems costing up to Rs.60 lakh.
♦ The system has been developed as a lightweight isolation system made from aviation certified material. 
♦ It has a transparent and durable cast Perspex for enhanced patient visibility which is larger, higher, and wider than the existing models. 
♦ The isolation system caters for a suitable number of air exchanges, integration of medical monitoring instruments, and ventilation to an intubated patient.
♦ ARPIT generates high constant negative pressure in the isolation chamber for the prevention of infection risk to aircrew, ground crew, and health care workers involved in air transportation. 
♦ It utilizes High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) H-13 class filters and supports invasive ventilation using Transport Ventilator. 
♦ Currently, the IAF is inducting a total of 7 ARPITs.
Design requirements are based on the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH), and Centre for Disease Control (CDC), USA.


3# India, Denmark sign MOU to develop cooperation in the power sector

India and Denmark signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Indo-Denmark Energy Cooperation to develop cooperation in the power sector. The MoU was signed between the Ministry of Power, India, and the Ministry for Energy, Utilities, and Climate, Denmark. The MoU was signed by Mr. Sanjiv Nandan Sahai, Secretary (Power) from India and Mr. Freddy Svane, Ambassador of Denmark to India from Denmark.

MoU Provisions:
♦ Under the MoU, a strong, deep, and long-term co-operation between two countries in the power sector will be developed on the basis of equality, reciprocity, and mutual benefit.
♦ The MoU will establish collaboration in areas like offshore wind, long term energy planning, forecasting, flexibility in the grid, consolidation of grid codes to integrate and operate efficiently variable generation options, flexibility in the power purchase agreements, incentivize power plant flexibility, variability in renewable energy production, etc. 
♦ The Indian electricity market would benefit from cooperation with Denmark in all the aspects of power.
♦ To implement the agreement, a Joint Working Group (JWG) will be established under the MoU. 
♦ The JWG will be co-chaired by Joint Secretary level officials. 
JWG will report to a Steering Committee, jointly chaired by the Secretary level officer from both sides.
♦ GoI aims to take the necessary steps to encourage and promote strategic and technical co-operation in the power sector for mutual benefit.


4# World Oceans Day is observed on 8 June

World Ocean Day is celebrated on 8 June. The day is observed to create awareness about the role played by oceans on earth. Oceans are the world’s largest source of protein. More than 3 billion people depend on the oceans as their primary source of protein and livelihood.

Theme:
The theme for the 2020 World Ocean Day is “Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean.” The UN World Oceans Day celebration in 2020 was held as a virtual event, amid COVID-19 pandemic, produced in partnership with Oceanic Global. The theme is in line with the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. 

History:
World Oceans Day was initially proposed by Canada’s International Centre for Ocean Development and the Ocean Institute of Canada at the Earth Summit Conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in the year 1992. In 2008, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) passed resolution 63/111 and designated the observation of World Ocean Day on 8 June. After 2009, the day was renamed as World Oceans Day.


5# ARCI, Mekins develop UVC-based multipurpose disinfection cabinet to contain surface contamination of Coronavirus

International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) and MEKINS Industries have jointly developed a UVC-based Cabinet. The device will disinfect non-critical hospital items, laboratory wear, and PPEs in the research laboratories to prevent surface contamination of COVID-19.

Highlights:
♦ It can also be used to disinfect items exhibited to customers in commercial establishments and several domestic items.
♦ The invention comes amid the transmission through surface contamination is an unpredictable risk in which common utilities play a key role in spreading the coronavirus. 
♦ The device consists of 4 UVC lamps of 30W on sides and 2 lamps of 15 W on top and bottom. 
♦ It will give a flux sufficient to disinfect articles of various dimensions placed in shelves separated by metal grilled frames to allow sufficient light from all sides. 
♦ For the safety consideration and to avoid direct exposure of UVC light to the user, the lamps switch on only when the door is locked. 
♦ The irradiance intensity is measured at various points within the box to assure sufficient radiation to disinfect all the placed articles within 10 minutes. 
♦ The partition frames in the cabinet are removable so that even bigger objects like lab coats, blazers, suits can be disinfected when required.

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